Frequently Asked Questions

The doctors at King Street Skin Cancer have answered some of most frequently asked question by our patients and about skin cancer in general. Look through all of King Street Skin Cancer Resources below. If you have any questions or require immediate assistance, please do not hesitate to get into contact with us today.

What is the prevalence of skin cancer in Australia?

According to the Cancer Council of Australia, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in Australia, with around 434,000 people diagnosed each year. The vast majority of skin cancers are caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun, and as such, Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, accounts for around 14% of all skin cancers diagnosed annually. While the incidence of melanoma is currently on the rise, the good news is that it is also one of the most treatable forms of cancer if detected early. With this in mind, it is important for everyone, especially those living in sunny climates like Australia, to be aware of the risks of skin cancer and to take steps to protect themselves from UV exposure. King Street Skin Cancer Clinic is dedicated to providing the highest quality skin cancer prevention and treatment services in the Illawarra region. Our team of skilled surgeons and medical professionals offer the most valid and specialised skin cancer treatments available. We are committed to helping our patients achieve the best possible outcomes. If you are concerned about skin cancer, we encourage you to schedule a skin check with our office. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff will be happy to answer any questions you may have. 

What are the most common forms of skin cancer?

There are three main types of skin cancer: melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer and can be fatal if it is not detected early. Squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma are less serious but can still cause problems if they are not treated. Skin cancer is usually caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial sources such as sunbeds. UV radiation damages the DNA in skin cells, which can lead to the development of skin cancer. Skin cancer can be prevented by protecting yourself from UV radiation, for example, by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing and staying out of the sun during peak UV times.
Skin cancer is a complex and serious issue, and the best way to approach it is through awareness and prevention. 

What causes skin cancer?

The vast majority of skin cancers are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. UV radiation damages the DNA of skin cells, causing them to grow out of control and form tumours. People who sunburn easily or who have a history of frequent sun exposure are at increased risk for developing skin cancer. Tanning beds and other artificial sources of UV radiation also increase the risk of skin cancer, particularly among young people. In addition, people with fair skin, light-coloured eyes, and red or blonde hair are more likely to develop skin cancer than those with darker skin. While exposure to UV radiation is the primary cause of skin cancer, other factors can also play a role, including certain genetic disorders and previous treatment with ionising radiation.

Skin cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer but it's also one of the most common. By being aware of your risk factors and taking some simple precautions, you can greatly reduce your chances of developing skin cancer. 

What are some skin cancer warning signs?

Symptoms depend on the type of skin cancer, but they can include a change in the size or colour of a mole, a sore that does not heal, or a change in the texture of the skin. Basal cell carcinomas usually appear as small, round, pearly bumps on the face, neck, or chest. They may also look like a flat, red scaly patch on the sun-exposed areas of the body. Squamous cell carcinomas can occur anywhere on the body, but they are most common on the face, ears, neck, lips, and backs of the hands. They often look like scaly red patches or open sores. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body but are most likely to develop on the face or neck and on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet. They may appear as a new mole or as a change in an existing mole.

Early detection and treatment of precancerous lesions is essential for preventing skin cancer from developing. Our specialists are highly trained and experienced in detecting and treating precancerous lesions. If you are concerned about a growth on your skin, please don't hesitate to make an appointment with us. We will be happy to answer any of your questions and provide you with suitable care and treatment.

Is Skin Cancer Treatable?

The answer to this question depends on the type of skin cancer being treated. The three most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are usually treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or a combination of the two. Melanoma, however, is often treated with immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or chemotherapy. In some cases, a combination of different treatments may be recommended. The best way to determine the most effective treatment for skin cancer is to consult with a qualified healthcare professional.
King Street Clinic have skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in Warrawong, specialising in skin cancer surgery and medicine.
We are passionate about providing the best possible care to our patients, and we take pride in our reputation as the leading skin cancer clinic in the Illawarra.